Where people live, the quality of their housing, the places where their children play, and other factors may expose them to pollutants and significant health risks, such as lung disease, lead poisoning, cancer, reproductive impacts, birth defects, headaches, and more. These risks may be associated with nearby land uses, previous activities on a site, building materials, housing quality, and crowding. While water and air are the primary conveyances for pollutants, exposure can also occur through contaminated soil and direct exposure to toxins and chemicals in the home or workplace environments.
Health and Places Initiative (HAPI) Research Brief
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