Community or neighborhood noise is emitted from a variety of sources including roads, rail, air traffic, industry, construction, and neighborhood activities. The health consequences of harmful levels of noise can be significant, including hearing impairment and loss, interference with speech communication, disturbance of rest and sleep, as well as the potential for physiological, mental-health, and performance effects. Noise control is a federal, state, and local issue in the United States, and there are a number of tools employed to minimize the harmful effects. Local planners can minimize the adverse effects by working cooperatively with other public and private agencies to plan, design, and construct development projects. In addition, effective land-use planning and development may discourage sensitive land uses near highways and other noise sources, and promote the use of open space separating roads from developments.
Health and Places Initiative (HAPI) Research Brief
Noise, Health, and Place [PDF]
Click here to view a list of external resources on noise